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Socrates | Translation: Mutiullah Hotak
Whenever I read stories related to the death of Socrates – written by his students. Therefore, we show unknowing sympathy to this old philosopher and we know this philosopher who could not lower himself and apologize to the judges, he did not even accept the offer to escape from prison. He used to say: “Death is the best option for human beings against breaking the law.”
Socrates’ catchphrase was: “I know that I know nothing”. The standing man is the same familiar philosopher, bare feet, patchwork clothes, and slender figure. Ancient antique chests were similar to the picture. These boxes are still available in antique shops. These boxes are designed very simply, but when you open the top of the box, you will see that the owner of the house has saved the most valuable jewelry and birds in it. Socrates was also like this, he had a long nose like the ancient depicted gods of Greece (Silnos). His words were simple and rural, but if anyone had listened to him once, he would have understood that the speaker had valuable thoughts.
What was the basis of Socrates’ teachings? What did he teach people?
Aristophanes himself introduced in the play the clouds/clouds that stand between the earth and the sky and study the position of the stars. But Aristophanes was also wrong, because Socrates was not like that. He did not waste his time on research and study of the stars, he did not believe in the study of nature. He said: “Knowledge of nature has no effect on human happiness. Anaxagoras also has this kind of false notion. He ignorantly said that the sun is fire, but he was unaware that he can see the fire, but he cannot look at the sun with his eyes and it makes his eyes dazzle.
Socrates used to mock the philosophers and say that they could never agree with each other, each calling the other a fool. Some of them believe that all the materials that make up the universe are one, and others believe against it. Some of them say that existence came from nothing and has no end. Some of them believe that all things exist from the beginning and never perish. They want to master nature with all these differences. Will they be able to control the wind or the rain? Man cannot discover the secrets of the gods. Besides, the gods don’t like anyone who spills their secrets.
He asked him what should be studied and understood. So the answer would be: Those related to humans should be studied, not the things related to the affairs of the gods! Nature must be transcended and the human spirit must be studied. “Identify yourself!” were the basis of Socrates’ teachings.
The most famous sophists in Athens taught philosophy and earned money. Socrates taught the people for free. He used to say that he does not teach it to others but wants to learn it from others. He is a truth seeker and if he finds someone smarter than him, he is happy to learn from him. One day, one of his friends went to the temple of Apollo in Delphi and asked if there was another poet than Socrates. Imam replied: “There is no one after him.”