Who is the Afghanistan leader for Taliban? Who is Hibatullah Akhundzada?
After the revelation of the death of Mullah Omar, the leader of the Taliban group, the Shiraz leadership in the ranks of this group collapsed. Until now, the ideological nature of the revival of the “Islamic Emirate” legitimized the continuation of this group’s war against the Afghan system, among religious-traditional fundamentalists; Although the dependence on the external intelligence organization and the mafia economy formed the main theme of their war, but this performance is against the propaganda ideology of the Taliban. After the death of Mullah Omar, the divisions and tribal tensions over the leadership increased among this group until they started their ideological war. The intensification of the wars and destructions of this group after the death of their first leader is for them intra-tribal rivalries that take place with religious/religious claims.
With the introduction of Mullah Mansour as the successor of Mullah Omar, the Taliban group was divided into two main branches. A branch of this group under the leadership of Mullah Mansour called the Islamic Emirate and the other branch under the administration of Mullah Rasul called the Supreme Council of the Islamic Emirate were active. Mullah Mansour and Mullah Rasool are both natives of Kandahar province, but they are from two separate tribes. Mulla Mansour is related to the Ishaqzai clan from the genealogical point of view, but Mulla Rasool belongs to the Noorzai clan. Although the reason for the split of the Taliban is the disagreement over the legitimacy of the leadership and the general lack of consensus of the Taliban on the appointment of Mullah Mansour as the leader, but the truth is different. If we consider the religious legitimacy of determining the leadership of the Taliban group, and as Mullah Rasool called Mullah Mansour’s leadership against Sharia, his own leadership of the splinter branch of this group is also against Sharia according to his own definition. Based on this, religious/religious legitimacy does not play a role in determining the leadership of the Taliban group, and it is the tribal affiliation that plays a decisive role in the selection of the leader in the ranks of this group. The competition between the Ishaqzai and Nurzai tribes made this group become two major branches of the two Kandahari tribes.
With the death of Mullah Mansour, the branch under his leadership, considering the pathology in the ranks of this group and keeping two main points in mind, decided to appoint a leader. What was announced by the Taliban, the leadership council of this group has appointed Mullah Hebatullah as the Afghanistan Leader , with the deputies of Sirajuddin Haqqani and Mullah Yaqub, after almost five days of talks. Despite the fact that Mullah Hebatullah Taliban Afghanistan Leader was not a well-known face among the Taliban, and from the point of view of the authority, he was in the third position after Haqqani during the leadership of Mullah Mansour Afghanistan Leader , but he has been appointed as the leader for two reasons. First of all, he is related to Noorzai tribe from the point of view of descent. Previously, the Noorzai tribe led by Mulla Rasool had risen in opposition to Mulla Mansour, who is from the Ishaqzai tribe. The Taliban believe that Mullah Hebatullah Taliban Afghanistan Leader and Mullah Rasool are both from the same tribe and can end the tribal rivalry in the ranks of this group. For this reason, they brought Hebatullah to the leadership. Second, Mullah Hebatullah was appointed as the leader to preserve the Kandahari authenticity of the Taliban leadership. As the origin of this group is from Kandahar and its two previous leaders were also from this province, the appointment of the new leader of the Taliban has been made based on the continuation and preservation of this tradition.
During the leadership of Mullah Mansour, the splinter branch under the leadership of Mullah Rasool Taliban Afghanistan Leader was able to operate as a rival group without serious threats. But after Mansour’s death, the situation has changed. Although Mullah Hebatullah has been introduced as the leader of the Taliban group, but because he is only a religious figure and does not know military techniques, he is more dependent on his entourage and his views about the Taliban are not effective and functional. The selection of such a leader for the Taliban has opened the field more for his deputy Sirajuddin Haqqani. In fact, the political and military decisions and actions of the Taliban are all in the hands of the current number two person of the Taliban. Haqqani, this well-known military figure among the Taliban, now indirectly leads this group. What prevented his leadership among the Taliban was his non-Kandahari origin and his Gholjai tribal origin; But due to this sensitivity, he leads the Taliban indirectly, and Hebatullah has a symbolic role in the leadership of the Taliban.
According to the information obtained by Rasd news agency, Sirajuddin Haqqani has taken systematic measures to remove his group rivals from his path. In the warning letter he sent to Mullah Rasool, the leader of the branch of the Taliban branch, he threatened him and his deputy Mullah Manan Niazi in case of merging with his branch. Despite the fact that earlier Mullah Manan, the deputy of Mullah Rasool, called Mullah Hebatullah a representative of foreigners in his Eid al-Fitr message. But Sirajuddin Haqqani, who is known as a strong-hearted and ambitious person in the ranks of the Taliban, without considering the person above him (Mullah Hebatullah) Afghanistan Taliban Leader is trying to suppress the group’s rivals with threats of war. In this letter, he told Mulla Rasool that no one can oppose his personal decision and refuse it. In this letter, Sirajuddin emphasized that the branch of the Taliban must lay down its weapons in the coming days. Otherwise, with all its facilities, this group will destroy the branch. In this letter, he did not mention the leadership of his group and issued all orders on his own. With this action against his opponent, he does not consider the religious legitimacy of his group, nor the group’s structural considerations. His desire defines his ambition and power-seeking, and all the religious claims that the Taliban group uses in their propaganda have been rejected.
An informant of Taliban affairs told Rasad news agency that this action of Haqani is based on an intra-group and tribal competition in the ranks of the Taliban. In this action, he pursues two goals, one is to eliminate his tribal rival and the other is to redefine his position in the ranks of the Taliban.
What emerges from the performance of the Taliban is the tribal rivalry of the Taliban group in their ideological war. The Taliban’s war against the Afghan system is not an Islamic and ideological war, but rather a tribal war, privilege-seeking and power-seeking. Religious propaganda and recruitment of the Taliban from among the youth and teenagers of the country’s traditional societies is nothing but using them as fuel for their war for power.
One of the reasons that internal differences in the ranks of the Taliban are increasing day by day is their non-ideological and tribal demands. The emergence of the ISIS group in Afghanistan and the joining of the disaffected people of the Taliban in the ranks of this group is one of the other reasons why the religious fundamentalists turned away from the rivalries and tribal demands of the Taliban and joined the ideological war of ISIS.